Posing the argument “our definitions of language and modern society are not unbiased: the definition of language features in it a reference to modern society”(one), Ronald Wardhaugh (1986)in his e book “An Introduction to Sociolonguistics” offers quadruple hypotheses proposed by distinct scholars included in “the study of the marriage amongst language and modern society”(one) and “the different functions of language in modern society”(one) .The hypotheses are:
•Society influences the linguistic phenomenon.
•Linguistic phenomenon influences the modern society
•Society and language jointly dialectically affect the linguistic phenomenon.
•Society and language do not affect the linguistic phenomenon at all.
In accordance to Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia Deluxe (2003) a modern society is the “web of marriage and interactions amongst human beings” when a team of folks stick jointly
bearing in their minds some typical definite aims of their survival. Hence, the reality
that modern society influences the linguistic phenomenon can not be thrown away. In a Bangla
novel “Kalpurush” (1985) by a renowned Indian Bangla novelist Shamaresh Majumder
such affect of modern society around the linguistic behaviour of it is realistically pictured.
Obtaining combined up with the rowdy and uncouth corporations of the city-slum he had been
grown up in ,Arko, the central character of the novel shocks his cultured and educated
mother and father when he effortlessly and non-hesitantly works by using the Bangla slang like “nakrabaji”,
“shala”, “maal” and many others. Once again, when this Arko comes across with a member of the large course
of Calcutta’s urban modern society who said “fuck the time”, an objectionable slang in English,
he finds out that his educated mother and father know its which means but are strongly unwilling to
make clear it to him for its semantic extremity. Another woman belonging to Calcutta’s
higher course expresses amusing shock in discovering Arko’s vocabulary of slang which
are semantically incomprehensible and therefore intriguing to her but have a all-natural pragmatic
and semantic requirement to Arko. As a result, it can be proved by a lot of cases that
modern society styles the pragmatic and semantic aspects of unique linguistic emissions of the
The 2nd commonplace hypothesis expresses that linguistic behaviour styles the
modern society. Sapir and Whorf, the two American anthropological linguists’ hypothesis
strongly advocates this watch. This Sapir-Whorf hypothesis or Whorfian hypothesis asserts that a indigenous language kinds the modern society. Had there been no term like “prottutpannamatitto” in Bangla or “wit” in English the typical semantic and pragmatic entity of both of those would be duly absent. The words and phrases and phrases like ‘fatafati’, ‘kachal’,
‘chera-bera’, ‘pechki’, ‘gutaguti’ and many others. ascertain a definite modern society of young technology of
The third hypothesis of the marriage amongst language and modern society proposes that
both of those the linguistic phenomenon and the social phenomenon affect the linguistic
behaviour in a “bi-directional” way. For the Bangla speakers the term “lungi” has a
socially semantic and pragmatic value in Bangla which would not have so for the
English speakers, as it is a linguistic id of distinct socio-cultural apparel of the
context of Bangla speakers not of the English speakers.
The forth hypothesis displays Noam Chomsky’ s asocial Common Grammar
hypothesis .It proposes that language is an innate procedure of expression wholly free of charge
from the affect of possibly social or any other exterior linguistic factors. This is a
structural pre-composition of common human language in the human minds that he
names as ‘competence’ which needs no exterior social affect to experienced and to distribute.
Culture has no involvement with the springing up of the unique basic Bangla syntactic
structure featuring subject-object-verb or SOV (ami bhat khai) which is, in a way,
reversed from the English a single, subject-verb-object or SVO (I eat rice).
It is seriously arduous to ascertain which of the hypotheses is most suitable to me
currently being an amateur sociolinguistics practitioner. Even so, as I obtain it unnatural to exclude
the affect of the modern society although singularly assenting the affect of language around the
linguistic phenomenon or the vice versa, I profess the third a single to be most feasible
in the sociolingustic study of the marriage of language and modern society. Had there not been
any institute as modern society as the context of the linguistic interchange of the human race the
forth hypothesis could have been accountable. As the de facto is not so, I adhere to the
third hypothesis out of my individual thanks discernment.
one.Majumder, Shamaresh.Kalpurush.Calcatta: Anando, 1985.
2.Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia Deluxe.Microsoft Corporation, 2003 ed.
3.Richards, J.Platt, J. and Weber, H.Longman Dictionary of Utilized Linguistics.
Uk: Longman, 1985.
4.Wardhaugh, Ronald.An Introduction to Sociolinguisctis.Oxford: Blackwell, 1986.